[E3-hacking] Another hello

Cliff Lawson clawson at amstrad.com
Thu Jan 19 09:24:08 GMT 2006

Yup, I have to say I was surprised when folks were saying they could connect
an E3 to a PC without a MAX232?! Both E2 and E3 signals are at TTL levels
so, by rights, you shouldn't be able to just connect direct and have it work
as the 16550 in the PC is supposed to be expecting RS232 -/+12 but maybe
some of them are a bit more "lenient" ? Also, as Andy says, the E3 signals
are inverted (saved the cost of an inverter on the board!) so we use MAX232
boxes with a switched 74 series inverter in there too and use it non
inverted for E2 and inverted for E3. Your mileage may vary.


> -----Original Message-----
> From: Andy [mailto:andy at entropy.demon.co.uk]
> Sent: 18 January 2006 20:21
> To: Discussion of the Amstrad E3 emailer hardware/software
> Subject: Re: [E3-hacking] Another hello
> The short answer is what comes out is inverted,  like RS232, 
> but is not 
> at valid RS232 voltage levels as it never swings negative. Some PCs 
> might let you get away with this, many wont. Being already inverted 
> connecting this to typical RS232 line driver chip then re-inverts the 
> signal and that wont work either.

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